Pull ups are my favorite exercise of all time.
They work all of the “pull” muscles in your body – your back, biceps, forearms. They are indicative of your level of fitness – anybody that can do a pull up is in pretty good shape…anybody that can do 10 or more is clearly in great shape.
And damnit, pull ups make you feel like a badass after doing them.
However, pull ups are also hard as hell, especially if you’re just getting started. Unlike other exercises that can be completed with just your body weight (like squats, lunges, and push ups), pull ups and other exercises that strengthen your pull muscles require at least one piece of equipment! On top of all of that, if you can’t do one yet, how the heck are you supposed to work on them to get better?
I’ve recently received dozens of emails from fellow rebels who are working towards their first pull up but aren’t there quite yet. Whether you’re 300 pounds overweight and can’t even look at a pull up bar without freaking out, or you’re half an inch away from finally being able to do your first pull up, this article is for you – sorry it took so long for me to write!
Pull ups are quite the intimidating exercise, but like Optimus Prime has taught us, we can make small changes and improvements over time that will result in the ultimate goal:
One. Freaking. Pull Up.
A few tips to get started
- This should hopefully be obvious, but the more you weigh, the more you have to lift in order to complete a pull up. If you’re truly serious about completing a pull up, start by getting your diet under control. I’m a HUGE fan of the Paleo Diet, because I know it works. A few folks have already lost 10+ pounds in just over a week following the Paleo Diet in the Nerd Fitness Academy. As you start to weigh less, you’ll have less weight to pick up and move up over that bar! Got it? good.
- MAKE YOUR BACK EXERCISES A PRIORITY. A lot of people do every other exercise before doing any back-related exercises, if they do any at all. After warming up properly, your first exercise should always be the stuff that you want to work on the most – in this case it’ll be your back.
- The progression below is just a path that I’ve created, but does NOT need to be followed to a T. I give sample sets and reps and when to move up, but if you feel like you can progress sooner or want to try doing full pull ups sooner than I recommend, that’s OKAY. This is the slower progression method, where some people will want to do less reps and progress to the next levels sooner – that’s okay.
- I recommend moving up to the next level when you can do 3 sets of 8 reps of a particular exercise. If you want the accelerated path, move on up as soon as you can do 3 sets of 5 reps.
- Almost every exercise below has a video to show you how to do it. Click on the picture or the video below it.
Level 1: Bent Over Dumbbell Rows
We’re going to start with these, the most basic of back exercises, in case you’re starting from ABSOLUTELY square one. For these exercises, focus on lifting more and more as you get stronger. Every OTHER day, pick up a dumbbell that you can lift for three sets of 8 repetitions with a 2 minute break between sets. As soon as you can do 3 sets of 8 reps, it’s time to move up to a heavier dumbbell.
- As soon as you can do dumbbell rows with at least a 25-pound (10kg) dumbbell or heavier, consider moving up to the next level.
- If you are a little bit bigger than the average bear, you might want to stick with this step until you lose a little bit more weight and get stronger – maybe go to 35 or 40-pound (18kg) dumbbells.
Level 2: Body Weight Rows
Body weight rows are the PERFECT precursor to pull ups – they work the same muscles, just at a different angle. You can also make adjustments. You know how I HATE HATE HATE exercise machines? Here, I wholeheartedly recommend the use of a smith machine…but ONLY for rows! Because you can adjust the height of the bar, you can adjust how difficult the exercise is. If you’re just getting started, put the bar very high, so you only have to lean back slightly. If you’re stronger, you can start with a lower bar.
Here’s a whole post I did on body weight rows (also called inverted rows).
- Clench your butt and keep your abs tight and body straight throughout the exercise. Focus your mind on PULLING with your arms.
- Set the bar at a height where it’s challenging for you to complete 3 sets of 8 reps with two minutes of rest between sets.
- As soon as you can complete all 3 sets of 8 reps, lower the bar!
- If you need to make the exercise easier, bend your knees and put your feet flat on the ground. You can drop your hips too to make things easier.
A sample routine that starts with your back exercises
- Monday – 3 sets of 8 reps of overhand body weight rows
- Wednesday – 3 sets of 8 reps of underhand body weight rows (hands reversed)
- Friday – 3 sets of 8 reps of overhand body weight rows
- (And then go underhand, overhand, underhand the following week)
As soon as you’re doing body weight rows where your body is at a 45 degree angle or lower, you can progress to level 3.
IF YOU DON’T HAVE ACCESS TO A BAR FOR INVERTED ROWS: Try using your kitchen table, or move up to Level 3 and progress with caution there.
Level 3A: Assisted Pull Ups
Personally, I don’t like using the assisted pull up machine in a gym as it doesn’t give you the full feeling of a pull up, but it’s certainly better than nothing. Instead, I recommend doing one of these alternatives:
- Assisted Pull Ups with chair – (either one foot or two depending on your needs) – your feet are ONLY there for support, use your upper body as much as possible.
- Assisted Pull Ups with exercise band – (you can get different types of exercise bands with different levels of strength). Put your foot in the exercise band and pull yourself up.
- Assisted pull ups with a partner – (have a friend hold your feet behind you and help you complete each rep). Have your friend use the least amount of help possible to get you through your workouts.
- Clench your butt and keep your abs tight throughout the exercise – try not to swing like crazy.
- Keep your shoulder blades pinched behind you throughout the movement and focus on PULLING the bar down with your arms.
- Use the least amount of assistance that you can handle – as soon as you can do multiple pull ups with both feet on the chair, switch to just one foot.
- If you’re using an exercise band, try to get a few bands of varying tension so you can decrease the resistance as you get stronger.
- As soon as you can do 3 sets of 8 with assistance, it’s time time move on up.
A sample level 3 routine:
- Monday – Assisted Pull Ups – 3 sets of 8 reps
- Wednesday – Body weight rows – 3 sets of 8 reps
- Friday – Assisted Chin Ups – 3 sets of 8 reps
Level 3B: Negative Pull Ups
Now, let’s say you don’t have a rubber band, you don’t have somebody to hold your feet, and you don’t have a chair – you ONLY have a pull up bar. That’s okay – you can do what we call negatives. When doing a negative, you jump above the bar and try to lower yourself slowly and in control until you’re at the bottom of the movement. This can be very dangerous if you’re very overweight, which is why I’d recommend moving slowly through steps 1-3A first.
However, once you have a decent amount of back strength, doing negatives is a great way to build arm and back strength.
You can either jump above the pull up bar, and then begin to lower yourself back down IN CONTROL, or you can hop up on a chair to get above the bar and then lower yourself back down. Again, the name of the game is “in control.” You don’t need to lower yourself so slowly that one repetition destroys you…lower yourself in a controlled speed – Counting to three during the movement is a good tempo.
Here’s a sample workout using everything up to this point:
- Monday – Assisted Chin Ups – 3 sets of 8 repetitions
- Wednesday – Body Weight Rows – 3 sets of 8 repetitions
- Friday – Negative Pull Ups – 3 sets to failure – capped at 5 repetitions for each set.
For your negative pull ups, do as many as you can (up to 5 reps) per set – jump and lower yourself in control, then jump right back up and lower yourself. If you can do 5, wait 2 minutes and then start again. If you can’t do 5, do as many as you can in control, wait 2 minutes and then start again.
Once you’re doing 3 sets of 5 repetitions on your negative pull ups, along with your assisted chin ups and body weight rows…you’re ready.
Level 4 – Chin Ups and Pull Ups
My dear rebel, it’s time.
Depending on your weight, your level of fitness and strength, and how far along you are in these progressions, you might be able to start with more than one pull up. For MANY people, especially if you have spent time in the gym in the past working on your biceps (like most guys do), you might find it easier to start with chin ups (with your palms facing toward you) for your first exercise before trying pull ups (with your palms facing away from you).
I’ve already covered how to do a pull up/chin up in another article, so I won’t get into it too much here…just focus on these things:
- Pull your shoulder blades back as you’re going through the movement, and focus on pulling the bar down.
- Again, keep your butt clenched and your abs tight throughout the movement.
- Get your chin above the bar, or it doesn’t count as a full rep.
- Do whatever you need to get through the full rep.
- If you can only do one rep, try to do at least 3 sets of one rep…after your three sets, add in some negatives to exhaust the muscle.
At this point, here’s a Level 4 routine set up for a week:
- Monday – Chin ups – 3 sets for maximums repetitions
- Wednesday – Inverted Rows – 3 sets for max repetitions
- Friday – Pull ups – 3 sets for maximum repetitions
Level 5 – Next steps
Once you’re able to do 3 sets of 10 pull ups or chin ups, you have a few options:
- Continue to get better at doing more reps – 3 sets of 12, 3 sets of 15, 3 sets of 20, etc.
- Start doing other types of pull ups – like wide grip pull ups (grab the bar WAY out with both hands), side to side pull ups, uneven pull ups, etc.
- Add weight and do weighted pull ups or weighted chin ups.
Personally, my favorite thing to do in a gym is weighted pull ups; if you’re at this level and interested in doing so, here’s what you need to do:
- Get a weight belt. I bought this one (affiliate link) on Amazon and it’s worked out incredibly well for me. I’ve tried doing the whole “put weights in a backpack” and it certainly works, but the angle of the weights hanging off your back is weird. With a weight belt, the weight hangs down between your legs (not a euphemism) so it feels more natural.
- Add small amounts at a time. Most gyms will have 2.5 lb (roughly 1kg) weights; you might feel stupid putting on a big weight belt and only hanging a tiny weight off it, but you need to start somewhere.
- Consistently add more weight. I’ll warm up with two sets of 5 pull ups with no extra weight, and then do 3 sets of 5 weighted pull ups. If I can complete all 3 sets of 5 reps (with my chin over the bar for every rep), I’ll make a note to add 2.5 or 5lbs (1 or 2kg) to my weight belt for the next time.
So, here’s an advanced sample routine for back exercises:
- Monday – Weighted Chin Ups – 3 sets of 5 reps
- Wednesday – Elevated Feet Body Weight Rows – 3 sets of max repetitions
- Friday – Wide Grip Pull Ups – 3 sets of maximum repetition
- (The following week, I’d alternate by doing the chin ups without weight, and then doing weighted pull ups
Get it done
My work here is done – it’s now up to you to take care of business.
In case you don’t need a long article, here’s a the short version:
How To Do A Pull Up
- Start with your hands on a bar about shoulder width apart, using an overhand grip (palms facing away).
- Pull until the bar reaches chin level. Focus on pinching your shoulder blades together, and keep your entire body tight. Lower yourself slowly.
- Feel like a superhero after doing each one.
- Can’t complete a pull up? Instead, begin with bent over rows or bodyweight rows, progressing until you can complete a pull up.
No matter your starting point, whether you’re a guy or girl, you CAN do pull ups. And you WILL do pull ups. You don’t need to follow the progression above exactly – it’s merely one path that you can take in order to reach the promised land…where the pull ups flow like wine and the women instinctively flock like the Salmon of Capastrano.
Follow the path that works for your schedule, your experience, and your level of comfort with this movement – there’s no shame in going slowly and progressing safely. And if you’re gung ho about pull ups, ready for negatives and trying to squirm for that first rep, feel free to go for it. Just be safe.
When you DO finally do a pull up, I want to be the first to know – email me at firstname.lastname@example.org and tell me about it!
For the Rebellion,